race walking in slow motion
Because it fits nowhere else, I also include the waist in this discussion.
Figure 1 at right is part of the Marinelli Study in the Video Studies section of this Web site, and illustrates the technical aspects of upper body usage discussed on this page. This study is used here because the walker uses shoulder movement quite extensively. No suggestion is being made, however, that her technique is the one you should, or should not, use. (At about 68 steps per minute--on my computer screen, this slow-motion animation shows her walking at about one third her racing speed.)
WAIST: The waist plays an important role in race walking, but it gets little or no attention in the literature on technique. The waist is the area of the body that
- uses the rotation and drop of the shoulders to balance that of the hips,
- uses the swing of the arms to balance the swing of the legs, and
- uses any side sway of the upper body and to balance that of the lower body.
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